The following is an excerpt from Matthew Henry, commenting on the glorious last words of Christ from the cross on Good Friday.
“Tetelestai—It is finished, a comprehensive word, and a comfortable one.
(1.) It is finished, that is, the malice and enmity of his persecutors had now done their worst.
(2.) It is finished, that is, the counsel and commandment of his Father concerning his sufferings were now fulfilled; it was a determinate counsel, and he took care to see every iota and tittle of it exactly answered, (Acts 2:23).
(3.) It is finished, that is, all the types and prophecies of the Old Testament, which pointed at the sufferings of the Messiah, were accomplished and answered.
(4.) It is finished, that is, the ceremonial law is abolished, and a period put to the obligation of it. The substance is now come, and all the shadows are done away… The Mosaic economy is dissolved, to make way for a better hope.
(5.) It is finished, that is, sin is finished, and an end made of transgression, by the bringing in of an everlasting righteousness… The Lamb of God was sacrificed to take away the sin of the world, and it is done.
(6.) It is finished, that is, his sufferings were now finished, both those of his soul and those of his body. The storm is over, the worst is past; all his pains and agonies are at an end, and he is just going to paradise, entering upon the joy set before him. Let all that suffer for Christ, and with Christ, comfort themselves with this, that yet a little while and they also shall say, It is finished.
(7.) It is finished, that is, his life was now finished, he was just ready to breathe his last, and now he is no more in this world.
(8.) It is finished, that is, the work of man’s redemption and salvation is now completed, at least the hardest part of the undertaking is over; a full satisfaction is made to the justice of God, a fatal blow given to the power of Satan, a fountain of grace opened that shall ever flow, a foundation of peace and happiness laid that shall never fail. Christ had now gone through with his work, and finished it. For, as for God, his work is perfect; when I begin, saith he, I will also make an end. And, as in the purchase, so in the application of the redemption, he that has begun a good work will perform it; the mystery of God shall be finished.”